Teacher Centred and Learner Centred Approach of Teaching Methods
Study Materials for UGC NET Paper 1
The term teaching method refers to the general principles, pedagogy and management strategies used for classroom instruction.
Teacher centred approach:
Teacher centred approaches are more traditional in nature, focusing on the teacher as instructor. They are sometimes referred to as direct instruction, deductive teaching or expository teaching, and are typified by the lecture type presentation. In these methods of teaching, the teacher controls what is to be taught and how students are presented with the information that they are to lean.
Taken to its most extreme interpretation, teachers are the main authority figure in a teacher-centered instruction model. Students are viewed as “empty vessels” who passively receive knowledge from their teachers through lectures and direct instruction, with an end goal of positive results from testing and assessment. In this style, teaching and assessment are viewed as two separate entities; student learning is measured through objectively scored tests and assessments.
Learner Centred approach:
Learners (Students) centred approaches (sometimes referred to as discovery learning, inductive learning, or inquiry learning) place a much stronger emphasis on the learner’s role in the learning process. When you are using student- centred approaches to teaching, you still set the learning agenda, but you have much less direct control over what and how students learn.
teachers are still an authority figure in a student-centered teaching model, teachers and students play an equally active role in the learning process.
The teacher’s primary role is to coach and facilitate student learning and overall comprehension of material, and to measure student learning through both formal and informal forms of assessment, like group projects, student portfolios, and class participation. In the student-centered classroom, teaching and assessment are connected because student learning is continuously measured during teacher instruction.
Difference between Teacher Centred and Learner (Student) Centred Approach
|Teaching goals||Cover the discipline||Students learn:
– How to use the discipline
– How to integrate disciplines to solve complex problems
– an array of core learning objectives, such as communication and information literacy skills
|Organization of the curriculum||– Courses in catalog||– Cohesive program with systematically created opportunities to synthesize, practice, and develop increasingly complex ideas, skills, and values|
|Course structure||– Faculty cover topics||– Students master learning objectives|
|How students learn||– Listening
– Independent learning, often in competition for grades
|– Students construct knowledge by integrating new learning into what they already know
– Learning is viewed as a cognitive and social act
|Pedagogy||– Based on delivery of information||– Based on engagement of students|
|Course delivery||– Lecture
– Assignments and exams for summative purposes
|– Active learning
– Assignments for formative purposes
– Collaborative learning
– Community service learning
– Cooperative learning
– Online, asynchronous, self-directed learning
– Problem-based learning
|Course grading||– Faculty as gatekeepers
– Normal distribution expected
|– Grades indicate mastery of learning objectives|
|Faculty role||– Sage on the stage||– Designer of learning environments|
|Effective teaching||– Teach (present information) well and those who can will learn||– Engage students in their learning
– Help all students master learning objectives
– Use classroom assessment to improve courses
– Use program assessment to improve programs
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